##Ubuntu下安装FastDFS并配置Nginx

1. 压缩包下载

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wget https://github.com/happyfish100/fastdfs/archive/V5.11.tar.gz
wget https://github.com/happyfish100/libfastcommon/archive/V1.0.36.tar.gz
wget https://github.com/libevent/libevent/releases/download/release-2.1.12-stable/libevent-2.1.12-stable.tar.gz

2. 环境配置

2.1 依赖

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apt-get install make
apt-get install unzip
apt-get install gcc
apt-get install libevent-dev

#nginx 依赖
#安装gcc g++的依赖库
sudo apt-get install build-essential
sudo apt-get install libtool

#安装pcre依赖库(http://www.pcre.org/)
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install libpcre3 libpcre3-dev

#安装zlib依赖库(http://www.zlib.net)
sudo apt-get install zlib1g-dev
sudo apt-get install libssl-dev

#安装SSL依赖库(16.04默认已经安装了)
sudo apt-get install openssl

2.2 从libevent.org官网 下载libevent 2.1.12

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tar -zxvf libevent-2.1.12-stable.tzr.gz
cd libevent-2.1.12-stable

#配置安装库的目标路径:
./configure --prefix=/usr

#编译安装libevent库:
make
sudo make install

#检测安装是否成功
ls -al /usr/lib | grep libevent

2.2 下载安装ibfastcommon

libfastcommon是从 FastDFS 和 FastDHT 中提取出来的公共 C 函数库,

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wget https://github.com/happyfish100/libfastcommon/archive/V1.0.36.tar.gz
or
git clone https://github.com/happyfish100/libfastcommon.git
#新建目录
mkdir -p /usr/local/libfastcommon
#将下载V1.0.36.tar.gz压缩包拷贝到新建的目录下然后解压
cp V1.0.36.tar.gz /usr/local/libfastcommon
cd /usr/local/libfastcommon
tar -zxvf V1.0.36.tar.gz
cd libfastcommon-1.0.36

#编译、安装
./make.sh
./make.sh install

3. 下载安装FastDFS

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wget https://github.com/happyfish100/fastdfs/archive/V5.11.tar.gz
mkdir -p /usr/local/fastdfs
cp V5.11.tar.gz /usr/local/fastdfs
cd /usr/local/fastdfs
tar -zxvf V5.11.tar.gz
cd fastdfs-5.11
./make.sh
./make.sh install

#创建libfastcommon.so软链接
ln -s /usr/lib64/libfastcommon.so /usr/local/lib/libfastcommon.so

#创建libfdfsclient.so软链接
ln -s /usr/lib64/libfdfsclient.so /usr/local/lib/libfdfsclient.so

#建立 /usr/bin 到 /usr/local/bin 的软链接
ln -s /usr/bin/fdfs_trackerd /usr/local/bin
ln -s /usr/bin/fdfs_storaged /usr/local/bin
ln -s /usr/bin/stop.sh /usr/local/bin
ln -s /usr/bin/restart.sh /usr/local/bin

mkdir -p /data/fastdfs/tracker #用于存储tracker server的数据和日志
mkdir -p /data/fastdfs/storage #用于存储storage server的数据和日志
mkdir -p /data/fastdfs/res #用于存储上传的资源文件
mkdir -p /data/fastdfs/client #用于存储client server的数据和日志
mkdir -p /data/fastdfs/temp # //临时目录

3.1 1. 配置跟踪服务器(tracker server)

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cd /etc/fdfs
cp tracker.conf.sample tracker.conf
vim tracker.conf
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# 启用配置
disabled=false
# tracker服务器端口(默认22122)
port=22122
# Tracker 存储数据和日志根目录(根目录必须存在,子目录会自动创建)
base_path=/data/fastdfs/tracker
# HTTP 服务端口
http.server_port=80

3.1 2. 配置存储服务器(storage server)

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 cd /etc/fdfs
cp storage.conf.sample storage.conf

#2. 编辑storage.conf
vim storage.conf
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# 启用配置文件
disabled=false
# storage服务器端口(默认23000)
port=23000
# 将base_path路径改为刚新建的storage目录
# 数据和日志存储的根目录
base_path=/data/fastdfs/storage
# 指定第一存储目录
# 逐一配置 store_path_count 个路径,索引号基于 0。
# 如果不配置 store_path0,那它就和 base_path 对应的路径一样
store_path0=/data/fastdfs/res
# 指定tracker服务器地址,此处是上面预定好的IP
tracker_server=192.168.103.4:22122
# HTTP 访问文件的端口,此处需要与后面Nginx监听的端口保持一致
http.server_port=80

3.1 3. 配置客户端服务器(client server)

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#1. 切换路径,复制一份client.conf.sample文件并修改文件名
cd /etc/fdfs
cp client.conf.sample client.conf
#2. 编辑client.conf

vim client.conf
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# 将base_path路径改为刚新建的client目录
base_path=/data/fastdfs/client
# 指定tracker服务器地址(虚拟机本机ip和端口号)
tracker_server=192.168.103.4:22122

3.1 4. 启动tracker和storage

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#启动tracker和storage
/usr/bin/fdfs_trackerd /etc/fdfs/tracker.conf
/usr/bin/fdfs_storaged /etc/fdfs/storage.conf

#也可以通过以下命令启动
/etc/init.d/fdfs_trackerd start
/etc/init.d/fdfs_storaged start

#查看tracker和storage启动是否成功
tail -f /data/fdfs/storage/logs/storaged.log
tail -f /data/fdfs/tracker/logs/trackerd.log

#也可以通过这个命令查看 端口正在被监听,则算是服务安装成功
netstat -unltp |grep fdfs

3.1 5. 测试文件上传

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# 上传Downloads文件夹中的avatar.png
cd Downloads
/usr/bin/fdfs_test /etc/fdfs/client.conf upload avatar.png

4. 安装Nginx并添加fastdfs 模块

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wget https://nginx.org/download/nginx-1.12.1.tar.gz